Collaborative learning is the practice of breaking students into smaller groups to work on projects, learn from and with each other and answer questions. These days collaborative learning has become one of the strongest core philosophies for operating in classrooms. As contrary to what many people believe, the concept of collaborative learning is not very new, much of the early research on collaborative learning that was also known as cooperative learning took place during the 1980s and 1990s
When most classrooms favored the traditional teacher lectures and individual student work. However, the growth of technology and the increasing emphasis on work in teams and working together to achieve greater good has made collaborative learning important and it has become a crucial part of the teaching and learning process. Discussed here are the top strategies that can help to enhance collaborative learning among students and give them a chance to achieve better results in the long run.
Selecting Students Who Work Can Together Most Efficiently:
If they are left to make their groups, students will make groups based on personal preferences rather than academic compatibility. The best way to enhance collaborative learning is by selecting students who can work together most efficiently and share similar thoughts and ideas so that they can work towards their goals. It is up to the teacher to match students by strengths and weaknesses, deliberately mixing ability, diversity, and social capability.
Keeping The Group Size Just Right:
If the group is too small, the ideas, discussions, and activities might not be diverse or energetic enough. If it is too large, there is a chance that every student will not get a chance to participate or get involved. It is up to the teachers to keep the group size just right so that every student has a role to play and gets a chance to show his or her talent and skill and the group can produce some significant results. As recommended by a coursework writing service, the best group size is four to five students.
Teach Students How To Cooperate:
Most of the young people are not very good listeners; they want to say everything that comes to their mind but they either do not listen or retain what they are listening to. To make collaborative learning work, students must be taught how to cooperate, listen to what the other members of the group are saying and make notes so that they can be discussed later for coming up with great ideas. Helping students learn all about listening intently, avoiding interrupting, and repeating important points as short as well as long term benefits.
Setting Up Rules Of Collaboration:
There will also be conflicts and problems that will affect the learning process if things are not handled the right way. It is up to the teacher or the instructor to make sure that there are rules for collaboration that each student must follow so that they can work most amicably. Students should be instructed on how to clarify issues, how to find solutions to problems, and how to disagree constructively and build on what others have contributed to delivering better results.
Set Clear Goals And Expectations:
This is very important for getting desired results; if the students have no goals or expectations in mind and they do not know what to do, they will not be able to do the right. Specific goals and expectations are important and students should be clear on the goals they are expected to meet, this group work will either become a social meet without offering any constructive outcomes.
Assign Responsibilities To Every Member:
When each member of the group is assigned a role, the participants are better able to understand what they are required to do. leaving them to do what they want to not only affects the collaborative learning process but it also ends up benefitting one a few members because only those who are enthusiastic or understand what is happening will be a part of it, others will end up wasting their time. There should be a group leader, a recorder, an encourager, and a checker, and when each student will have his or her responsibilities clearly defined, they will work better.
Collaborative learning is just one of the many ways in which education is changing; the students get a chance to work hard and learn from peers while at the same time help others learn from them. With the help of the best collaborative learning strategies, it is now possible for teachers to develop leadership potential among students and enhance their interest in giving their best performance.